6. Water and Sanitation
Many e-Inventory proposals that address this focus area have proposed goals which deal with both water and sanitation together.

Focus area 6. Water and sanitation

Many e-Inventory proposals that address this focus area have proposed goals which deal with both water and sanitation together. Other proposals put forward goals which only address the sustainable use and management of water resources and water security. Given the number of interrelated issues a water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) goal would cover, its inclusion could be one way of ensuring that the framework remains concise, with a limited number of goals. However efforts will need to be made to ensure that this does not occur at the expense of the targets related to integrated water resource management (IWRM), thereby accounting for the impact of water policies and use on other issues such as food and energy.


A water-secure world[24]


Sustainable use of water[25]



Everyone has safe drinking water, adequate sanitation and practices good hygiene at home.

Health icon equality

By 2013, universal and long-term access to clean water and sanitation facilities. We call for the international recognition of water as a public good and the prohibition of its commercialization. The primary use of water should be considered as drinking water and for subsistence economies and be distributed fairly and efficiently amongst all sectors and social groups.


Implementation icon equality

All schools, health centres and other institutions provide all users with basic drinking water supply, adequate sanitation, and hand washing and menstrual hygiene facilities.

Health iconInfrastructure equality

Water, sanitation and hygiene are an equitable and sustainable sub-goal.

Health icon equality

By 2020, an increase in water use efficiency by 20% in the industrial, energy, and agricultural sector; comprehensive utilization of waste and rain water as an important resource in all sectors; as well as an increase of water recycling by 50%.


IndustrialisationfoodEnergy iconInfrastructure sustainable consumption



Water resources are managed in every country and every basin based on an IWRM plan.

peace icon

All trans-boundary basins have institutional and legal frameworks.

Implementation icon


As of 2015, a general prohibition on water deterioration due to a water cycle’s pollution through waste, pesticides, industry, fertilizers and mining activities as already exists in Europe since 2000 under the European Water Framework Directive; a long-term ban on the entry of dangerous substances into water cycles; strict monitoring and adherence to national and international water protection and conservation laws, as well as efficient sanctions in case of violations.

Industrialisationpeace icon Implementation icon Infrastructure

sustainable consumption

All ecosystems are managed sustainably and their services ensured. biodiversity icon
Water efficiency and productive use of water resources in industry, agriculture and communal water supply is progressively increased. Infrastructure foodIndustrialisation
All industrial wastewater is collected and adequately treated for reuse/discharge.

sustainable consumptionInfrastructure Industrialisation

By 2020, the development of regulations and implementation programs for maintaining or achieving good water quality (“environmental flow”), defined respective to existing natural landscapes. peace iconbiodiversity icon
All urban wastewater is adequately treated before being reused or discharged to the (aquatic) environment. biodiversity iconCityInfrastructure
All wastewater is managed in a sustainable way to protect water resources and aquatic ecosystems. biodiversity iconInfrastructure

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6. Water and Sanitation
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