Yes: defines intelligence operationally/behaviorally
The Turing test defines thinking in terms of overt, measurable behavior. It offers a behavioral/operational definition of our ordinary concept of thinking.
Note: A similar debate takes place in the "Is passing the test decisive?" arguments on this map, which deal with the question of what can be demonstrated by successful simulation.

Behaviorism: A school of psychology that takes the overt behavior of a system to be the only legitmate basis of research. We can distinguish philosophical (or logical) behaviorism from methodological behaviorism.

  • Philosophical behaviorism is the position that mental states are reducible to sets of input-output correlations (or behavioral dispositions).
  • Methodological behaviorism is a research program that restricts itself to the investigation of behavior and its observable causes.
Operationalism: A philosophical position asserting that scientific concepts should be defined in terms of repeatable operations. For example, intelligence can be defined in terms of the ability to pass the Turing test.
Artificial Intelligence »Artificial Intelligence
Can the Turing Test determine this? [2]  »Can the Turing Test determine this? [2] 
Yes: defines intelligence operationally/behaviorally
Behaviorial disposition interpretation »Behaviorial disposition interpretation
The operational interpretation »The operational interpretation
Philosophical (or logical) behaviorism »Philosophical (or logical) behaviorism
A Box of Rocks could pass the toe-stepping game »A Box of Rocks could pass the toe-stepping game
Overt behavior doesn't demonstrate understanding »Overt behavior doesn't demonstrate understanding
The black box objection »The black box objection
Vulnerable to counter-examples »Vulnerable to counter-examples
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