Consciousness is physical
Physicalism is the doctrine that everything is physical. If everything is physical then consciousness is physical as well. So a conscious computer or robot could be built out of physical parts.

Jaegwon Kim (1996) takes three principles is defining minimal physicalism:

1) Mind body supervenience: physical indiscernability entails psychological indiscernability. 

2) Anti-Cartesian principle: There are no purely mental things.

3) Mind-body dependence: What mental properties a thing has depends on its physical properties.

Note: Other philosophers would describe physicalism differently.
Artificial Intelligence »Artificial Intelligence
Can computers think? [1] »Can computers think? [1]
No: computers can't be conscious [6] »No: computers can't be conscious [6]
Consciousness is physical
A conscious robot is in principle possible »A conscious robot is in principle possible
Building a conscious machine »Building a conscious machine
Conscious robot would solve mind-body problem »Conscious robot would solve mind-body problem
Can't reduce consciousness to physical processes »Can't reduce consciousness to physical processes
Issue can't be settled a priori »Issue can't be settled a priori
Physical workings don't explain conscious machine »Physical workings don't explain conscious machine
What about God? »What about God?
What the scientist Mary doesn't know  »What the scientist Mary doesn't know
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