Images are cognitively penetrable
Images are cognitively penetrable, in that they can be altered in various ways by what a subject thinks. They can't be explanatory primitives as they break down into simpler parts depending on context.
For example, in a biological context, an image of a rose is seen as a composition of petals, sepals, leaves and stems, whereas in an artistic context the images is seen as a composition of colour patches, shadings and edges.

Zenon Pylyshyn (1981).

Cognitively penetrable: a mental phenomenon is cognitively penetrable if it can be accessed and altered by other thought processes. For example a belief that the cat is on the mat is cognitively penetrable, because it can be altered by further information that the cat is actually a dummy.

According to Pylyshyn, those phenomenon that are cognitively penetrable are generally explained in terms of symbolic rule governed processes and operate on the more basic, cognitively impenetrable components.

Cognitively impenetrable: a mental phenomenon is cognitively impenetrable it cannot be accessed or altered by other thought processes. For example, a person’s perception of red is cognitively impenetrable, because it can’t be changed to a perception of green.

According to Pylyshyn, cognitively impenetrable phenomena are primitive explanatory concepts, because they remain basics throughout changes of context.
Artificial Intelligence »Artificial Intelligence
Can computers think? [1] »Can computers think? [1]
No: computers can't understand images [5b] »No: computers can't understand images [5b]
Images represented by filled cells in an array »Images represented by filled cells in an array
Images are Quasi-pictorial representations »Images are Quasi-pictorial representations
Image Psychology »Image Psychology
Images are primitive, functional components of thought »Images are primitive, functional components of thought
Images aren't primitive explanatory concepts »Images aren't primitive explanatory concepts
Images are cognitively penetrable
Impenetrability doesn’t isolate basic elements »Impenetrability doesn’t isolate basic elements
Impenetrability doesn't argue against image theory »Impenetrability doesn't argue against image theory
Penetrability doesn't affect format »Penetrability doesn't affect format
Zenon Pylyshyn »Zenon Pylyshyn
+Comments (0)
+Citations (0)