Connectionism is associationism
Processing units in a connectionist network are connected by associative links. Associationist theories can't account for systematicity and related phenomena: symbolic AI can via structured representations and structure sensitive thought processes.
Jerry Fodor & Zenon Pylyshyn (1988).

Note: Additional associationism arguments are are identified as unmapped territory on Horn's map.
Artificial Intelligence »Artificial Intelligence
Can computers think? [1] »Can computers think? [1]
Yes: connectionist networks can think [5a] »Yes: connectionist networks can think [5a]
The Connectionist Dilemma »The Connectionist Dilemma
Connectionism is associationism
Jerry Fodor »Jerry Fodor
Zenon Pylyshyn »Zenon Pylyshyn
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