The Context Antinomy
For a machine to understand sentences in a natural language, it must place those sentences in a context. However, because machines use explicit bits of data they run up against an antinomy (described in detailed text).
Hubert Dreyfus, 1972.

The Context Antinomy


There is a broader context of facts that determines which facts are relevant to a given sentence -- in which case, that context must itself be interpreted, so that we face an infinte regress of broader and broader contexts.


There is an ultimate context that requires no interpretation -- in which case, we are forced to postulate a set of facts that have fixed relevance, regardless of the situation. But no such facts exist.

In either case:

Explicit data cannot account for the understanding of natural language. Humans avoid this antinomy because they recognize the present situation as a continuation of past situations, and on that basis determine what is relevant to understanding a sentence.
Artificial Intelligence »Artificial Intelligence
Can computers think? [1] »Can computers think? [1]
Yes: physical symbol systems can think [3] »Yes: physical symbol systems can think [3]
The Symbolic Data Assumption »The Symbolic Data Assumption
The Context Antinomy
Hubert Dreyfus »Hubert Dreyfus
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