The Chinese Gym Argument
The Chinese Gym Argument (see detailed text) shows that instantiating a connectionist network is not enough to produce an understanding of Chinese.
The Chinese Gym Argument

Suppose the basic Chinese Room were expanded to a large gym of monolingual English-speaking men. The men are spread out like nodes in a network, and they follow English rulebooks that tell them what symbols to pass to one another. Through this procedure they carry out the same computations as a connectionist network would to produce Chinese speech, but none of the men understand Chinese.

Note: Also see Map 4. In particular, "The Chinese Water Pipe Brain Simulator" Map 4, Box 5 parallels this argument, with hte difference that the Chinese water pipe argument uses one man instead of the gym full of men.

John Searle, 1990.
Artificial Intelligence »Artificial Intelligence
Can computers think? [1] »Can computers think? [1]
Yes: connectionist networks can think [5a] »Yes: connectionist networks can think [5a]
Connectionist networks are formal systems »Connectionist networks are formal systems
The Chinese Gym Argument
Chinese Gym requires preposterous number of people »Chinese Gym requires preposterous number of people
No individual neuron understands Chinese »No individual neuron understands Chinese
The Systems reply to the Chinese Gym »The Systems reply to the Chinese Gym
John Searle »John Searle
The Chinese Gym Argument  »The Chinese Gym Argument
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