The Empiricist Reply
Empirical evidence suggests semantics can emerge from low-level syntax—e.g. a barcode reader. Similarly, high-level semantics may emerge from a robot with a self organising network that makes reasonable inferences from implicit information.
For example, a barcode reader is purely syntactic at a low-level, but at a higher level it represents information about how barcodes relate to sales, inventory and so forth.

James Moor, 1988.
Artificial Intelligence »Artificial Intelligence
Can computers think? [1] »Can computers think? [1]
Yes: physical symbol systems can think [3] »Yes: physical symbol systems can think [3]
The Chinese Room Argument [4] »The Chinese Room Argument [4]
The Syntax-Semantics Barrier »The Syntax-Semantics Barrier
The Empiricist Reply
James Moor »James Moor
+Comments (0)
+Citations (0)